Load:

1. komponenta
Lecture type  Total 
Lectures 
30 
Seminar 
15 
* Load is given in academic hour (1 academic hour = 45 minutes)

Description:

COURSE GOALS:
The aim of the course is acquaintance with the essential concepts of medical physics and application of physical methods in modern medicine with particular emphasis on the understanding of diagnostic and therapeutic methods in which radiation is used.
LEARNING OUTCOMES AT THE LEVEL OF THE PROGRAMME:
1. KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
1.1. formulate, discuss and explain the basic laws of physics including mechanics, electromagnetism and thermodynamics
1.4. describe the state of the art in  at least one of the presently active
2. APPLYING KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
2.1. identify the essentials of a process/situation and set up a working model of the same or recognize and use the existing models
2.2. evaluate clearly the orders of magnitude in situations which are physically different, but show analogies, thus allowing the use of known solutions in new problems;
2.3. apply standard methods of mathematical physics, in particular mathematical analysis and linear algebra and corresponding numerical methods
2.4. adapt available models to new experimental data
2.5. perform numerical calculation independently, even when a small personal computer or a large computer is needed, including the development of simple software programs
2.6. perform experiments independently using standard techniques, as well as to describe, analyze and critically evaluate experimental data
4. COMMUNICATION SKILLS
4.3. develop the written and oral English language communication skills that are essential for pursuing a career in physics
5. LEARNING SKILLS
5.1. search for and use physical and other technical literature, as well as any other sources of information relevant to research work and technical project development (good knowledge of technical English is required)
5.2. remain informed of new developments and methods and provide professional advice on their possible range and applications
5.3. carry out research by undertaking a PhD
5.4. participate in projects which require advanced skills in modeling, analysis, numerical calculations and use of technologies
LEARNING OUTCOMES SPECIFIC FOR THE COURSE:
Upon passing the course on Medical physics, the student will be able to:
1. use the acquired knowledge in the field of radioactivity for solving the problems related to the measurement of radioactivity, the assessment of the absorbed dose in imaging techniques and radionuclide therapy
2. understand relationship between the interaction of radiation and dosimetric quantities: kerma, exposure and absorbed dose
3. apply dosimetric concepts and calculate absorbed doses in photon and electron beam radiotherapy using dosimetry functions such as Percentage Depth Dose (PDD) and the TissuePhantom dose Ratio (TPR)
4. qualitatively describe the principles of operation and purposes of the most important radiotherapy devices
5. estimate absolute and relative doses using appropriate dosimeters
6. demonstrate knowledge of the principles of choice of parameters in the treatment planning of a specific localization in radiotherapy
7. understand importance and methods of using imaging techniques in radiotherapy
8. demonstrate knowledge of the properties and use of the main radionuclides in brachytherapy with an understanding of the importance of the implementation of the quality assurance program, with emphasis on the source calibration
9. distinguish among methods of acquisition /formation of medical images and parameters important for determining the quality of medical imaging in radiology and nuclear medicine
10. understand the problem of the reconstruction of images from projections, advantages over planar imaging and limitations
11. demonstrate the basic knowledge of radiobiology with an emphasis on the practical use of the models in radiotherapy
12. demonstrate knowledge of the basic principles of radiation protection and security of the sources in radiology, radiotherapy and nuclear medicine
COURSE DESCRIPTION:
Lectures per weeks (15 weeks in total):
1. Interaction of ionising radiation (electrons and photons) with matter.
2. Basic dosimetry concepts and dosimetry quantities, and units.
3. Photon and electron beam dosimetry. Absolute, relative dosimetry and invivo dosimetry.
4. Clinical radiotherapy. Properties and application of radiotherapy units: kV Xray therapy units, Co60 units and linear accelerators.
5. Imaging in radiotherapy: conventional Xray unit, simulator, CT simulator, portal imaging, cone beam CT (CBCT).
6. Radiotherapy treatment planning process. Computerised treatment planning: algorithms, implementation, speed, approximations and verification.
7. Brachytherapy: radiation sources, clinical techniques, source calibration, treatment planning and quality assurance.
8. Radionuclides, radioactivity measurements and radiation detectors in nuclear medicine.
9. Principles of radionuclide imaging (gamma camera, SPECT, PET). Diagnostic radiology imaging (Xray, CT). Image reconstruction from projections. Hybrid imaging techniques (SPECT/CT, PET/CT).
10. Radiation protection in medicine. Introduction to radiobiology
Exercises, demonstrations and seminars are following lectures by content.
REQUIREMENTS FOR STUDENTS:
Regular attendance of the lectures and problem solving exercisestutorials. Project assignment/seminar: presentation or a report submission is mandatory.
GRADING AND ASSESSING THE WORK OF STUDENTS:
Grading and assessing the work of students during the semesters:
* Homework assignments
* Presentation/report
Grading at the end of semester:
* Final oral exam
Contributions to the final grade:
* 10% of the grade is carried by the results of the homework
* 20% of the grade is carried by the results of the presentation/report
* oral exam carries 70% of the grade.

Literature:

 1. Podgorsak E.B. Review of radiation oncology physics, IAEA, Vienna, Austria 2003. (dostupno i preko interneta)
2. Cherry S.R., Sorenson J.A., Phelps M.E. Physics in nuclear medicine, 3rd ed. Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier Science, USA 2003.
3. Bushberg J.T., Seibert J.A., Leidholdt E.M., Boone J.M. The essential physics of medical imaging. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore 1995.
4. PaićV. i Paić G.: Osnove radijacione dozimetrije i zaštite od zračenja, Udžbenik Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Liber, Zagreb 1983.
5. Šantić A.: Biomedicinska elektronika, Školska knjiga, Zagreb 1995.
 1. Podgorsak E.B. Review of radiation oncology physics, IAEA, Vienna, Austria 2003. (dostupno i preko interneta)
2. Cherry S.R., Sorenson J.A., Phelps M.E. Physics in nuclear medicine, 3rd ed. Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier Science, USA 2003.
3. Bushberg J.T., Seibert J.A., Leidholdt E.M., Boone J.M. The essential physics of medical imaging. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore 1995.
4. PaićV. i Paić G.: Osnove radijacione dozimetrije i zaštite od zračenja, Udžbenik Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Liber, Zagreb 1983.
5. Šantić A.: Biomedicinska elektronika, Školska knjiga, Zagreb 1995.

Prerequisit for:

Enrollment
:
Passed
:
General Physics 4
