Evolution and composition of the Earth. Earth physics: isostasy, heat, magnetism. Plate tectonics (boundaries, causes, consequences). Earth dynamics: volcanism (causes, volcano types, types of eruptions and products), seismics (causes, detection methods, impact of substratum on earthquake damage). Tectonics: bed strike and dip, conformity and disconformity, folds, faults, overthrusts. Hydrological cycle, underground water. Weathering, transport and erosion, slope processes. Karst: genesis, hydrology, geomorphology, evolution. Sea: sea dynamics (tides, waves, currents), sea regions, sea-level changes. Geological time: dating methods (relative, radiometric). Environments, facies, fossilization and fossils. Presentation of geological data: geological maps, sections and columns. Geological compass.
Student will be able to:
Identify common rock-forming minerals and major rock types and describe the conditions under which each of them formed; Recognize various types of geologic structures on geologic map, and use them to reconstruct and interpret the structural history of the area, and write a short report on the geology of the area; Identify the common types of fossils and interpret their approximate age, the environments in which they lived and their evolution through geological time; Describe the plate-tectonic history of the earth.
- Chernicoff, S., Fox, H. A. & Tanner, L.H. (2002): Earth: geologic principles and history. Houghton Mifflin Com., Boston, New York, 1-570.
- Marshak, S. (2012): Essentials of geology. W.W. Norton & Co., New York, 1-776.
- Plummer, C., Carlson, D. H. & Hammersley, L. (2016): Physical Geology. 15th. Ed., Mc Graw Hill, New York, 1- 654.