Hazard and risk. Natural and technological hazards. Hazard parameters. Vulnerability. Prevention, defense, mitigation, recovery, management. Recurrence. Importance of secondary hazards including socio-economic ones. Human factor. The role of scientists. The aspects mentioned above are discussed for each individual hazard type listed below. Volcanism. Processes, products, and consequences. Secondary hazards: mass movements, lahars, torrents, floods, fires, hydrographic changes. Earthquakes. Processes. Role of geology of the area. Recognition of active faults. Secondary effects: liquefaction, groundwater, mass movement, floods, fires, tsunamis. Mapping types. Mass movements. Fall, creep, sliding, sediment gravity flows, and combinations. Recognizing activity of mass movements. Morphological changes. Mapping mass movements. Snow and ice hazards. Subsidence. Running water. River types and evolution. River parameters. Erosion and accumulation. Sediment movement. Morphological changes. Floods and alluviation. Wind. Deflation. Transport and accumulation of sand and dust. Sources of sediment. Coastal hazards. Waves, currents and tides. Cliffs and beaches. Erosion and accumulation. Effects of storms. River mouths. Morphological changes. The influence of global changes. Environmental impact assessment. Field project on active slides.
Achievement of specific knowledge on the subject and competences which are necessary for:
1) the understanding of causes and physics of individual geological hazard processes,
2) the understanding of effects of individual geological hazard processes,
3) the evaluation of risk associated with individual geological hazards,
4) design of hazard mitigation procedures and recommendations of safety measures.