To enable students to describe and define the fundamental physical principles and processes in the atmosphere and the sea, analysis of their structure and analysis of fluids in rest and in motion.
Atmosphere-ocean system: Solar radiation. Temperature distribution. Greenhouse effect. Convection. Variability of radiative forcing and consequent horizontal gradients. Atmosphere-sea interaction. Characteristics of fluid in rest - Equation of state. Therm dynamic variables. Water vapour in the atmosphere. Phase transitions. Fluid parcels in equilibrium (pressure gradient force, gravity), hydrostatic equation. Vertical structure of atmosphere and sea. Static stability, Brunt Vaisala frequency, potential temperature, potential density. Vertical profiles and their graphical presentation. Fluid in motion Fluid parcel. Continuity equation. Equation of conservation of scalar quantity (humidity, salinity). Heat equation. Equation of motion, Coriolis force, viscosity effects (molecular, turbulent). Scales of motion. Boundary conditions (solid boundary, material boundary, internal boundary).
Students will have the knowledge and skills to:
1. describe and analyze the characteristics and structure of the atmosphere and ocean,
2. understand and explain the basic properties of the dry and moist air and interpret associated processes,
3. interpret, calculate and analyse atmospheric static stability,
4. understand basic principles of geophysical fluid dynamics
5. derive and solve equations that govern a fluid and discuss their solutions,
6. derive and explain the consequences of the Earth's rotation.
1. listening sessions, study the notes and literature, seminars,
2. systematic perception and deduction
3. case study, derivation of equations and problem solving.
1. presentation, discussion,
2. task of equation derivation and solving numerical problems.
METHODS OF MONITORING AND VERIFICATION:
Homework, seminar, colloquium, written and oral exam.
TERMS FOR RECEIVING THE SIGNATURE:
Regular attendance to the lectures (at least 70%), homework, colloquium.
Written and oral exam.
- Gill, A., 1982: Atmosphere-Ocean Dynamics. Academic Press, Orlando. 662 str.
Cushman-Roisin, B., 1994: Introduction to Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Prentice Hall, London, 320 str.
Kundu, P. K., 1990: Fluid mechanics. Academic Press, San Diego, 638 str.